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#TBT: The first black female presidential candidate

"It is time that other peoples in America besides white males run for the highest office of this land." This was Shirley Chisholm, the first black woman to run for president in 1972.

First black female presidential candidate

Who was she?

Shirley Anita St. Hill was born on November 30, 1924, in Brooklyn to Caribbean immigrant parents. Her father was a factory laborer while her mother was a skilled seamstress and a domestic worker. She lived in Barbados from ages five to ten with her maternal grandmother where she got a very serious education. When she returned to Brooklyn, she attended Girls’ High School and later earned her bachelor’s degree from Brooklyn College. Known for her debate skills, she met and married Conrad Chisholm in the late 1940s. Shirley later taught nursery school and earned her masters in elementary education from Columbia University in 1952.

After becoming deeply involved with Division of Day Care and Friends Day Nursery, Chisholm became more involved in political clubs including the Bedford-Stuyvesant Political League and the League of Women Voters. She led the pack as a Democratic member of the New York State Assembly for three years and her tenure included getting unemployment benefits extended to domestic workers and the introduction of a program to provide disadvantaged kids a chance at college while receiving special education. Her hard work led her to become the first black woman elected to Congress in 1968.

In Congress, she was known for creating a food stamp program expansion, becoming a high-ranking member of the Education and Labor Committee, founding both the Congressional Black Caucus and the National Women’s Political Caucus, and becoming Secretary of the House Democratic Caucus. She later met Arthur Hardwick Jr in 1977 and married him that year.

Chisholm began her presidential run in 1972, making her both the first black major-party candidate to run, and the first woman to run for a Democrat nomination. After receiving former Vice President Hubert Humphrey’s black delegates, Chisholm ended the primary in fourth place with 430,703 votes and 1 state won. Even after her retirement in 1982 and her death in 2005, Chisholm has inspired many groundbreaking female and black candidates in today’s government.

Brut.

03/12/2020 9:59 AM

2440 comments

  • David G.
    03/31/2021 13:41

    Pass Her Message Forward to today's Young People of America 🇺🇲

  • Diane V.
    03/02/2021 13:49

    A voice of the people; fierce; straightforward; persistent & TRAILBLAZER 👏🏼👏🏼 way ahead of the time

  • Eon R.
    02/24/2021 17:13

    Wow! This woman is amazing. 😍

  • Beatriz S.
    02/06/2021 15:32

    I remember her well! Quite a woman

  • Reshar S.
    02/01/2021 17:57

    Respect to her

  • Ayinke M.
    01/24/2021 18:50

    What a powerhouse she was. Wow. 🔥🔥🔥

  • Sheree B.
    01/14/2021 08:26

    Powerful Words

  • Kaleab T.
    01/01/2021 06:17

    Love this [email protected]

  • A'aferti A.
    12/28/2020 05:21

    💯👍🏾☝🏾❤️

  • Deanna G.
    11/17/2020 02:03

    MRS. SHIRLEY CHISHOLM WAS A FEMALE REBEL GOD BLESS HER SOUL

  • Tony L.
    10/30/2020 03:38

    you remember this??

  • Maung K.
    10/24/2020 04:24

    END TRUMP GREAT USA AMEN 🙏

  • Nichole A.
    10/22/2020 12:38

    Napansin nyo? Parang ginagaya niya si Miriam Defensor-Santiago

  • Piox L.
    10/21/2020 10:56

    Love Her ❤️

  • Nikko E.
    10/19/2020 01:31

    MERIAM DEFENSOR

  • จัสติน
    10/18/2020 16:04

    she's like Sen. Miriam Santiago

  • Les L.
    10/13/2020 21:10

    And now America you have Trump 😢

  • Ellie
    10/13/2020 17:51

    She's like Miriam defensor Santiago from the Philippines. The best President we never had. Rest in peace legend 🙏❤️

  • Ken A.
    10/08/2020 03:53

    nakikita ko sa kanya c iron lady miss you po ms meriam defensor 😓😓

  • Lorraine B.
    10/07/2020 06:15

    💪🥰🤜🤛 heroine

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