How Do Hate Crimes Laws Work in America?

In 2019, some states still do not consider sexual orientation or gender identity a motivating factor for a hate crime. The number of reported hate crimes in the U.S. is on the rise — but the punishment varies widely across the country.

How Do Hate Crimes Laws Work In America?

Approximately 1 hate crime is reported every hour in the US. In 2017, 58% of incidents were motivated by race, ethnicity, or ancestry according to UCR. Almost 22% were motivated by religion, and nearly 16% by sexual orientation.

In 2009, the Hate Crimes Prevention Act was signed into federal law to help minority communities fight for their rights within U.S. society. But the majority of hate crimes are prosecuted in state courts and prevent law justice for all by making their own stances of what a hate crime exacly is.

These 5 states Arkansas, Wyoming, South Carolina, Indiana, Georgia don't have hate crime laws. Among the 45 states.

All except Arkansas, Wyoming, South Carolina, Indiana, Georgia with hate crime laws, provisions vary widely.

15 states Alabama, Alaska, Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia and West Virginia do not include sexual orientation or gender identity as a motivating factor.

Only 5 states, Florida, Maine, Maryland, Rhode Island, Washington, along with Washington, D.C, recognizes homelessness as a protected status, while California, Iowa and West Virginia based on political affiliation.

In Maryland, a new bill could make defacing property with nooses and swastikas a hate crime. Approximately 250,000 hate crimes occur each year — but only 2% are reported to the FBI according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Over 1000 hate groups are now active in the U.S., a high of at least 20 years. The number of white nationalist groups jumped by almost 50% in 2018 based on facts collected by the Southern Poverty Law Center.


05/11/2019 12:00 PMupdated: 06/13/2019 8:52 PM
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  • Dora J.
    05/11/2019 13:04


  • Nevin S.
    05/11/2019 13:18

    the LEFT promotes Violence

  • Alex E.
    05/11/2019 14:35

    Fake news 😂

  • Mona G.
    05/11/2019 20:31

    You totally forget the crimes being committed daily against political conservatives.

  • Mona G.
    05/11/2019 20:33

    Why is the hate crimes against whites christian and Jews not even touched on here. They are far higher than all thse put together.

  • Marianne D.
    05/11/2019 20:45

    If people had really more struggling for living as we have here, they wouldn't have time, or even spirit, for hating other people because of gender or race

  • Peter C.
    05/11/2019 20:52

    Liberal democraps keeping racism and hate alive and strong.

  • Daniel K.
    05/11/2019 21:03

    Hate crimes have been going since the 40s. This isnt news. They just try and scare people. Ive seen more during the Obama era.

  • Dunaway E.
    05/11/2019 22:44

    I've heard the things shouted at Trump Rallies it is indeed SCARY!

  • Ricky T.
    05/11/2019 23:49

    wth is wrong with people,what kind of godless ,souless human being could do things like this to another human being ,just animals period,smh

  • Randy W.
    05/12/2019 05:34

    Yup.. Only the Left loves hate..

  • Ricardo R.
    05/13/2019 23:58

    I sure wish the democrats never started the Klan.

  • Dace B.
    05/14/2019 02:03

    One sided BS.

  • Walter W.
    05/14/2019 19:24

    Jussie Smollet reported a hate crime.

  • Roger H.
    05/15/2019 19:41

    This sucks! We need more love crimes to balance it out.

  • Betito T.
    05/16/2019 07:21

    Fear leads too hate , they're really just coward s that were lead by the ignorant and blind

  • Mike F.
    05/17/2019 12:26

    There are already laws protecting the mentally ill....

  • Manuel L.
    05/17/2019 12:45

    Where are the hate crimes against whites...I'm sure there are hate crimes against whites

  • Jerry B.
    05/18/2019 02:46

    I got this post it said trending in Davison Michigan who here is from Davison. Michigan

  • Pat H.
    05/18/2019 04:08

    ..............never against straight whites.